Rail transportation and the economic development of Soviet Central Asia

  • 186 Pages
  • 4.73 MB
  • English
by , Chicago
Railroads -- Asia, Central, Asia, Central -- Economic condi
SeriesChicago. University. Dept. of Geography. Research paper -- no. 64, Research paper (University of Chicago. Dept. of Geography) -- no. 64
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 186 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14626792M

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Taaffe, Robert N. Rail transportation and the economic development of Soviet Central Asia. Chicago, The Soviet Union was heavily dependent on rail transport, not least during the Russian Civil War and World War II, but also for industrialisation according to the five-year plans.

During the Soviet era, freight rail traffic increased 55 times (over that of the Russian empire just before World War I), passenger traffic increased almost 10 times, and the length of the rail network almost doubled. Railroad Transportation. The Central Asian railroad network was designed primarily with the needs of former Soviet Union planners in mind.

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The entire Soviet railways system was built with Moscow at its core. Consequently, Central Asian railroads are mainly oriented north-south and (now-existing) borders were disregarded in planning.

Tsektran (Central Administrative Body of Railways) was established in September as a fusion of the Commissariat of Transport, the Railway unions and the relevant political departments of the Bolshevik Party.

Trotsky was put in charge. Leon Trotsky spent much of the Russian Civil War on board his armoured train: "During the most strenuous years of the revolution, my own personal life was.

Only after the fall of the Soviet Union did a rail project linking Central Asia and China actually materialize. China and Kazakhstan built the Alashankou railroad inconnecting Xinjiang in northwestern China to Dostyk in Kazakhstan.

From there, the Alashankou railroad links into the Soviet-built rail network that reaches into northeastern Uzbekistan and northern Kyrgyzstan. Improving Rail Service Between China and Central Asia This paper explores the technical and institutional barriers that exist on the rail link between Xinjiang and the Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union.

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competitiveness as well as create more favorable conditions for economic development along the line of the railway. In after the long struggles with Pan-Turkist Soviet leaders in Central Asia, the Tajik ASSR was made a separate republic from the Uzbek SSR and the Tajik SSR was established (see also Masov,Masov,Masov,Masov,Roy, ).

On Octo formation of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic was announced at the 3rd. The history of Central Asia concerns the history of the various peoples that have inhabited Central Asia. The lifestyle of such people has been determined primarily by the area's climate and aridity of the region makes agriculture difficult and distance from the sea cut it off from much trade.

Thus, few major cities developed in the region. The Trans-Siberian Railroad. A glance at any large-scale map of the Eurasian continent will that there are only two railway lines linking Europe and Asia-the Silk Railway through Central Asia, and the Trans-Siberian Railroad in the north.

The Impact of Russo-Soviet Culture In Central Asia. Here, the United States could also play a role by encouraging and assisting Russia in the development of this route as a complement to the East-West transportation routes from Central Asia.

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The Dawn of a New Commercial Era. For over two millennia, technology and politics have shaped trade across the Eurasian supercontinent. The compass and domesticated camels helped the “silk routes” emerge between and CE, and peaceful interactions between the Han and Hellenic empires allowed overland trade to flourish.

A major shift occurred in the late fifteenth century. This book is the first general introduction to the economies of central Asia, specifically the recently independent countries of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkmenistan.

Richard Pomfret provides a historical and structural analysis of this area of the former Soviet Union, with an emphasis on their economic situation.

Start studying Diversity Among Globalization - Chapter Central Asia. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. with Central Asia and the EU and stimulates economic development in China’s inner provinces.

It also aims to increase the role of Chinese compa-nies in EU-China trade as a whole along the entire value chain (forwarding, transport, logistics infrastructure) and to facilitate China’s economic. Significantly, the train covered as much ground in Kazakhstan as it did in Russia, underlining Central Asia’s increased ability to compete with the Trans-Siberian route for transit traffic.

An emerging rail connection between Khorgos, on Kazakhstan’s border with China, and the Caspian Sea port of Aktau, promises freight journeys that bypass. Transport development and economic structure help Worldwide, the performance of transportation and logistics companies varies greatly.

One of the main reasons for this is the quality of infrastructure, which is fundamental to their effective operation. The importance of good logistics performance for economic growth, diversification and poverty. Transport in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was an important part of the nation's economic centralisation of the late s and s led to the development of infrastructure at a massive scale and rapid pace.

Before the Soviet Union's collapse inthere were a wide variety of modes of transport by land, water and air. The Soviet railways system spun outward like a web from Moscow. Thousands of kilometers of broad-gauge tracks were laid in Central Asia during the Soviet.

The development of a transcontinental rail service linking China, Russia, Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe aligns with the strategic vision outlined by China’s President Xi Jinping.

The Central Asia Watch project (run under the aegis of the Eurasian Research and Analysis Institute think-tank) tracks regional developments through the national media outlets of Kazakhstan. The “Develop the West” strategy to bring stability to the region through economic development has had a number of spillover effects into Central Asia.

None of the Central Asian republics yet have complete control of their economies. To some degree this is the product of confusion over the purpose of the Commonwealth itself—whether it is designed to be a coordinating body between republics or a device for preserving an integrated economic zone on the territory of the former U.S.S.R.

Adding to that confusion from the onset was the nature of. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Socio-economic transformation of Soviet Central Asia. New Delhi: Patriot Publishers, (OCoLC) The mountain chain in west-central Russia that is sometimes regarded as the "boundary" between Europe and Asia is known as the: A) Western Uplands B) Urals C) Caucasus D) Central Asiatic Ranges Russia's railroad network radiates outward from Moscow, thereby providing the city with a high degree of: Under the Soviet economic system.

For the Soviet Union, this was not merely a matter of the disposition of forces, as for the United States and Great Britain.

It was also a matter of the development of its own internal economy and population. The Soviet Union alone had common frontiers with both German and Japanese-held territories. For Kazakhstan to become a high-income country, it will be important that the United States, the European Union, and other major Asian countries take a.

ALMOST in the center of Asia, and far removed from the oceans, are two great basins of continental land, once the home of a civilization rivalling that of Cairo or Cordova, and even today an extension of the Moslem East.

They were known until recent times as Russian and Chinese Turkestan. Both are ringed round by some of the world's highest mountains, and where the mountains stop the plains.

Lorenz M. Lüthi is associate professor at McGill University and a leading historian of the Cold War. His first book, The Sino-Soviet Split: Cold War in the Communist World, won the Furniss Award and the Marshall Shulman Book second book, Cold Wars: Asia, the Middle East, Europe, was published in March and presents a re-evaluation of the Cold War from multiple.

Until now, Central Asia has been treated as peripheral, both in the study of the Soviet Union and in the development of social science theory. With the fall of the Soviet Union inhowever, the opportunity arose for statesmen and scholars — both within and outside of Central Asia the.

Russia - Russia - Manufacturing: Russia’s machine-building industry provides most of the country’s needs, including steam boilers and turbines, electric generators, grain combines, automobiles, and electric locomotives, and it fills much of its demand for shipbuilding, electric-power-generating and transmitting equipment, consumer durables, machine tools, instruments, and automation.Description of economic development in Central Asia today The region's industrial base has collapsed and had to start slowly rebuilding after the fall of the Soviet Union.

Some well-connected individuals have become wealthy, but there is a growing gap between rich and poor in the region. Uzbekistan’s road and rail network is being upgraded as part of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) program sponsored by the Asian Development Bank (ADB).